Geographic location: The province is bounded by Dak Lak to the north, Lâm Đồng to the east and Southeast, Bình Phước and Cambodia to the west
Area: 6,516.9 km2
Topographic features: The province has quite flat terrain with large grasslands in the east and slightly slopping to the west. There is low land with many lakes in the south area distributed along the Krong No, Srepok, the regional districts of Cu Jut, Krong Nô. Terrain is relatively flat with slope from 0-30, suitable for growing food, short-term industrial crops, animal husbandry and poultry.
Plateau topography mainly in Dak Glong, Gia Nghia town, Dak Mil, Dak Song, average elevation of 800 m, the slope on the 150. This is the land area is mostly basalt, very suitable for development of perennial industrial crops, forestry and cattle breeding.
Mountainous terrain is distributed in the district R'Lap Dak. This is the regional divisions, the strong and large slope. Land basalt dominated the area, suitable for developing long-term industrial crops such as coffee, rubber, cashew, pepper.
Administrative units: Include the town of Gia Nghĩa and 7 districts: Cư Jút, Đăk Glong, Đăk Mil, Đắc R’lấp, Đăk Song, Krông Nô, Tuy Đức
Population: 421,600 (Statistics yearbook 2007)ô
"Natural resources: Dak Nông has various forest resources with a lot of wood and valuable trees. There is a bauxite mine with exploitable volume of 5 billion tons, (the biggest in the south east Asia), 20 km from Gia Nghĩa in the Southeast; a sapphire gemstone mine in Dak Rung, Dak Song, Dak Nông; a gold mine with high volume. These help the province attract investments on mining and energy industry.
- Tourism resources: Many famous landscapes with 31 ethnic groups of M, Nông, Ê Đê, etc. convenient for developing cultural ecology tourism. There is a system of visiting points such as Trinh Nữ, Đray Sáp, Gia Long, Ba Tầng, Ngầm waterfall, Liêng Nung, Đắk N,Tao tourist area, M,Nông cultural village.
Hydrology and potential hydropower
a) Hydrology: Dak Nong is the network of rivers and streams are distributed fairly throughout. This is more convenient to exploit water resources for agricultural production, construction of hydropower plants to serve the industry and economic needs of students. The river flows through the territory of the province:
Srepok River by two tributaries Nô and Krong Krong Na confluence with each other in operation Buon Dray (district Krong Na).. Flow through the province on the territory Cu Jut district. The river is relatively steep, flowing from an elevation of 400 m in altitude up to 150 m at the border Cambodia. When running through the province of Dak Nong, the complex tectonic geology, river becomes narrow and steep to create the most majestic waterfall, has a beautiful natural landscape, has potential hydropower offers economic value. The operation is being put into operation for tourism and hydropower development. Gang springs Dak, Dak Nir, Dray H'Linh, and so on down the river Ea Tuor Sesepok. Some streams in the area east and north as spring Dak Mil district of Dak Ken, Dak Lau, Dak Sor also are derived the Srepok River.
Krong River Nô. Derived from the 2000 m high mountains southeast province of Dak Lak, Krong Nô flows through the distric. Krong river it means very important for production and living population in the province. Also many other large and small streams are distributed fairly throughout the district Krong No, Cu Jut Dak Mam as streams, Dak Ro, Ri Dak, Dak Nang.
Headwater stream system in Dong Nai river. Dong Nai river flow is not flowing through the territory of Dak Nong, but there are many streams and rivers upstream.
Dak Rung streams originating from the region Hanh Thuan, Dak Nong locality flows through a length of 90 km. Streams have water flowing year round, creating favorable conditions for the construction of lakes, small dams for production and living population.
Dak Nong traffic streams average 12.44 m3 / s, the largest flow of 87.8 m3 / s and the smallest 0.5 m3 / s. Largest flow Moduyn 338 m3/skm2 average 47.9 m3/skm2, the smallest 1.9 m3/skm2.
Stream is the boundary between Bukso Dak Dak Song and Dak R'Lap district, with water all year round ability to build more dams offer.
DakR'Lap stream basin has an area of 55.2 km2, is the system of headwater streams Thac Mo hydropower.
Dak R'Tih springs and streams of small flows of the Dong Nai River, the source of the Tri An hydro-electric power.
There are also springs originate from the southwestern district of Dak Mil flowing into the Dong Nai River.
The province also has many lakes, dams just to keep the work has the potential to develop tourism as West Lake, Truc Lake, Ea T'Linh lake, lakes, etc. Dak Rong
Network of streams and rivers, lakes ponds and dense it is convenient for the construction of irrigation projects, small hydropower, water supply for economic sectors and residential activities.
Flood regime: To be the dominant power of Nô Krong River. In Germany Trans large floods often occur in September, 10. Every year the river is often flooded in some areas of the southern district of Krong Nô. Srepok River flood is a combination of the two rivers flood Nô and Krong Krong Na, floods occur in September and 10.
b) potential for hydropower. Rivers and streams in the province of Dak Nong has abundant hydropower potential. Srepok river systems have economic reserves are evaluated approximately 2.6 billion KWh. Headwater stream systems of the Dong Nai River, Krong No, Srepok can build many large hydropower plants with total capacity of around 1,500 MW hydropower as DrayH'Linh II is under construction, 92 MW hydro German Trans , hydroelectric TuaSrah 85 MW, 140 MW hydropower Tih Dak, Dak NTao TD, TD Dak number, etc. have been agreed upon, is calling for gradually constructing.
In addition, small streams across the network in the province has high potential to develop small hydroelectric power production and service activities for upland villages difficulties in building the grid.
- Forest resources: Forest land area is 374,387 hectares of forests, cover the whole province reached 57.5%, which is mainly natural forest 366,988 ha, accounting for 98%. Natural forests are evenly distributed throughout the district, concentrated mainly in mountainous regions, has effects watershed, erosion, protect the environment.
Divided according to purpose of use: production forest land (including natural forests and plantations) is 213,785 ha, accounting for 57.1% of forest land, distributed in almost all districts in the province of forest land protection 132,341 ha, accounting for 35.3%, mainly concentrated in the districts of Dak R'Lap, Glong Dak, Dak Mil, Dak Song; special use forest land 24,850 ha, concentrated mainly in Dak Glong, Krong Nô , this is the forest is used for the purpose of conservation and ecological tourism exploitation. Planted mainly concentrated in the hilly and mountainous areas low mound, near residential areas.
Natural forests in Dak Nong many fauna and flora rich and diverse. Well-developed forests, these forests have wood you have and Specialties has economic value, medium value science. The forest also many rare animals such as elephants, bears, tigers and so recorded in the Red List Red List of our country and the world; a variety of medicinal herbs you are abundant raw materials to manufacture drugs in medicine and treatment of groups. In particular, the Nam Nung Nature Reserve, we use the forests there are many landscapes, waterfalls create populations of tourist attractions.
- Mineral resources: According to preliminary investigation showed that the province of Dak Nong has some minerals, notably:
Bauxite. Family means approximately? and a command? GLong Dak. Reserves anticipated 5.4 billion tons, reserves of 2.6 billion tons of exploration, from 35-40% Al2O3 content. The surface of the mine ore is good basalt soil, the forest or long-term industrial crops. Difficult to exploit the current no roads, lack of energy, water for washing ores and investment.
Rare minerals: Regional social Changchun Dak Song district where resources are especially rare as gold, precious stones jade, sapphires and white. There is also Tungsten, tin, antimony in the area
There are also resources are plentiful raw material for production of construction materials such as clay scattered apart in the area some districts can exploit industrial, manufacturing bricks, tiles for the needs construction of the socio-economic as well as civil construction for residential areas in the province.
Mineral water has been drilling in the Dak Mil sharp 6/1983 depth 180 m able to exploit very large, about 570 m3/ngaydem and C02 gas companion about 9.62 tons per ngaydem. Currently only gas exploitation C02 is carried out."
"Transportation system: Đăk Nông located on the southern gate of the Central highland. There are national highways No.14, 14C and 28 to Hồ Chí Minh city, Đăk Lăk, Lâm Đồng and to other provinces in the south. The province has national border gate in Bu Prăng, Đăk Pơ making it convenient for cross border trading and attracting tourists from Cambodia to Central highland by roadway. The Ho Chi Minh Highway runs through Dak Nong, as does National Highway 28, making it possible for the province to trade with other provinces/cities. Through the Bu Prang and Dak Peur border crossings in Dak Nong goods can pass to and from Cambodia and countries located further along the East-West economic corridor.
The province will be harvesting its resources and expects to achieve high economic growth by increasing production and trade. Agricultural and forest production is to take place in compliance with approved plans which call for scientific and technological development, and industry is being promoted to insure sustainable development.
In addition, it is expected that transportation and irrigation projects will go forward and electric power networks and water systems will be improved. Forums are to take place to present investment opportunities such as hydroelectric power and farm produce production, forest product processing, mining, and industrial zone infrastructure construction in order to attract more investors to Dak Nong. The province plans to speed up the more important construction projects, create rural trade and service networks, link production and processing with trade, improve its trade promotion activities and financial policies, and put in place a one-door policy to attract more investment - especially foreign investment.
Provincial authorities recognize the need for more state and non-state investment in education, healthcare, the protection of local cultures and the environment and development in the region and they are confident that the province will be going in a forward direction."
Sectors’ development plan:
+ Services: Consider tourism as a key industry for development not only for economic purpose but also for tradition education, cultural reservation and environment protection; Promote the comprehensive development of delivery and selling system in the locality; Set up finance, banking, assurance, investment support, consulting, transportation, telecommunication, market information exchange; Promote innovation & creation in action research to directly meet demands of daily life.
+ Agriculture-Forestry-Fishery: It is planned to reach the growth rate of 6% in the period of 2006-2010; Comprehensively implement the package of measurements, especially key measurements to change the agriculture and rural economic structure to level up the GDP contribution of husbandry, forestry, and non-agriculture activities as well as producing high standard products with high tech added value and market potentiality; apply modern technology in production; Comprehensively develop social economic infrastructure in rural areas, especially the irrigation system in the areas of ethnic minority groups; speed up urbanization – a key measure to implement modernization in rural areas.
+ Industry: Promote the development of processing industries such as coffee, rubber, pepper, cashew nut, bean, silk, and wood processing; Encourage development of building material production, hydro power projects; Focus on development of small and medium industrial and handicraft businesses in rural areas; Spare resources for key projects such as hydro power plant, rubber plant, bauxite mine and aluminum plant; Support the application of new technology and quality control standards."